Directors need to learn from James Hardie case

5-June-2013 Fraud and Insolvency By Mark Streeter


 The James Hardie proceedings in the NSW Court of Appeal last November saw penalties imposed against the company’s former non-executive directors and former company secretary and general counsel for their roles in providing the market with incorrect information, which breached the Corporations Act.  


There are several important lessons from the decision:   

1(a) as a general rule, boards which make decisions by consensus need to consider whether to hold formal votes on specific resolutions, especially those involving important strategic decisions; 

1(b) where resolutions are put to directors for their consideration, formal votes must be held and individual votes of directors recorded in the minutes;

1(c) should a director abstain or vote against a resolution s/he should ensure their position is clear and recorded accurately in the draft minutes;

1(d) for board meeting held by phone, video conference or other technology, directors must have individually consented to the use of that technology and be equipped with all necessary materials for the duration of the meeting and be present for the duration of the meeting.


2.  Delegated decision-making by board committees does not require such formality, however, the establishment of the delegated committee does have to occur as a result of the passing of a director’s resolution.

A brief outline of the circumstances that led to the decision in the James Hardie case follows:

At a board meeting, where two overseas directors attended via phone, a draft (but misleading) announcement to the Stock Exchange was considered.  The chairman of the meeting asked: “Is the board happy with that?” The two directors on the phone, who had not seen the document setting out the announcement, did not indicate that they would abstain. All directors present nodded or remained silent. Such a process was the usual practice of the board and they considered that the resolution (to release the announcement) had been passed.


The Judge found that this manner of decision-making was “dangerous, unless supplemented by appropriate formality”. 

Anyone who is on a company board needs to apply these lessons to protect themselves.
In practical terms, any important issue considered by a board needs to be framed as a resolution and put to the meeting for a vote. The vote, either for or against, or the abstention of each board member should be recorded in the minutes. It is each director’s responsibility to ensure his or her vote is documented correctly.
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Written by Mark Streeter

Mark Streeter

The Director of Streeterlaw, Mark has been practicing Law since 1994. He has attained his Masters of Law in 1999 and in 2006 was awarded his Specialist Accreditation in Commercial Litigation. Mark is a member of ARITA, a graduate of the AICD and a member of AICM. A member of STEP, Mark enjoys working in the area of Wills and Estates. In 2020 Mark is the Chair of STEP NSW.

Call us on 02 8197 0105 to book an appointment with Mark Streeter!

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